"Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)" is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. In our State this project is being implemented from the academic year 2009-10 to 2019-2020.The RMSA scheme was introduced on March, 2009 with the specific objective to improve and enhance access to Secondary Education and to improve its quality. The implementation of the RMSA scheme started from 2009-2010.The goal is to achieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 at secondary stage within 5 years of implementation of the RMSA scheme by providing a Secondary School within a reasonable distance of any habitation.
The Secondary Education which serves as a bridge between primary and higher education is expected to prepare young persons between the age group 14-18 in the world of work and entry into higher education. The Secondary Education starts with classes 9-10 leading to higher secondary classes 11 and 12. The relevant children population at the secondary and senior secondary level, as projected in 1996-97 by NSSO has been estimated at 9.66 crores. Against this population, the enrolment figures of the 1997-98 shows that only 2.70 crores attending schools. Thus, two-third of the eligible population remains out of the school system. To accommodate the children in schools at secondary level, we have at present 1.10 lakhs institutions (1998-99). With the emphasis on universalisation of elementary education and programmes like District Primary Education Programme, the enrolment is bound to increase and once this happens, we may require more than two lakhs institutions at the secondary level to accommodate them.
- Establishing Secondary School within a radius of 5kms.
- Achieving 75% access by 2012-13 and 100% access by 2017-18.
- Achieving 100% retention by 2020.
- Providing necessary physical facilities, teaching and non – teaching staff for every secondary school
- To see that no student shall be deprived of secondary education because of gender disparity, socio economic reasons, disability
- Improving quality of education imparted at secondary level.
- Eradicate gender differences.
- Remove Socio-economic and disability barriers.
Physicalfacilities provided under the RMSA scheme
- Additional class rooms.
- Toilet blocks.
- Drinking water provisions .
- Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas.
Quality interventions provided under the scheme
- appointment of additional teachers to reduce PTR to 30:1.
- focus on Science, Math and English education.
- In-service training of teachers.
- Providing science laboratories
- ICT enabled education.
- Curriculum reforms.
- eaching learning reforms.
Equity interventions provided in the scheme.
- Special focus in micro planning.
- preference to Ashram schools for upgradation.
- preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools.
- Special enrolment drive for the weaker section .
- More female teachers in schools.
- Separate toilet blocks for girls.
Activities taken up under RMSA::Andhra Pradesh
- Construction of Additional Classrooms for quality improvement in the school infrastructure and school buildings are strengthened
- Laboratory construction of integrated Science Laboratory of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics for quality learning
- Laboratory Equipment providing laboratory equipment for the newly constructed laboratories. Providing grant for existing laboratories for the purchase of additional equipment
- Supply of Furniture and Equipment furniture of Headmaster room, Office room, Computer room, Art/Craft, & Library
- Separate Toilet blocks for boys and girls & drinking water facility for all secondary schools
- Annual grantsAnnual grants for Schools: Rs. 50,000 annual grant is given to all schools for the purchase of teaching Learning Material, Games equipment, Music, Drawing, Art education material and maintenance
- Minor Repair grants: Every secondary school having own building will be given Rs. 25,000 annually for Minor repairs of the School
- Major Repair grants for Schools: Annual Grants for major repairs to the class rooms having own building will be given Rs.2.00 Lakhs maximum for having two sections and Rs.4.00 Lakhs maximum for having 4 sections
- Laboratory maintenance grants: For the purchase of laboratory equipment maintenance Rs. 25,000 will be provided.
- Library, News Paper grants:For every secondary school library books worth Rs.1.00 Lakh would be provided. Rs. 10,000 for every school for the purchase of magazines, news papers and purchase of new books to the library will be provided annually.